Former Prisoners of War - South Texas Veterans Health Care System (STVHCS)
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South Texas Veterans Health Care System (STVHCS)

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Former Prisoners of War

Since World War I, more than 142,000 Americans, including 85 women, have been captured and interned as POWs. Not included in this figure are nearly 93,000 Americans who were lost or never recovered. Only one-fifth of America's former POWs, since World War I, are still living (about 22,641). More than 90% of living former POWs were captured and interned during World War II. About 15,367 former POWs are in receipt of compensation for service-connected injuries, diseases, or illnesses.

In 1981, Congress passed Public Law 97-37 entitled "Former Prisoners of War Benefict Act." This law accomplished several things. It established an Advisory Committee on Former Prisoners of War and mandated medical and dental care. It also identified certain diagnoses as presumptive service-connected conditions for former POWs. Subsequent public laws and policy, by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, have added additional diagnoses to the list of presumptive conditions.

How Should a Former POW Apply for VA Compensation?

Former POWs can apply for compensation for their service-connected injuries, diseases, or illnesses by completing VA Form 21-526 (Veterans Application for Compensation and/or Pension). They can also apply online at the Veterans Online Application website.

For more information, please contact our FPOW Advocate


Holly Darling, FPOW Advocate

(210) 617-5113

FPOW Presumptive Conditions

Today, former POWs are generally entitled to a presumption of service-connection for eight diseases, regardless of the length of captivity, if manifested to a degree of 10% or more after discharge or release from active military, naval or air service. These diseases are:

  • Psychosis
  • Cold Injury
  • Dysthymic disorder or depressive neurosis
  • Stroke and complications
  • Post traumatic osteoarthritis
  • Heart Disease and complications
  • Any type of the Anxiety States
  • Osteoporosis, on or after October 10, 2008, when PTSD is diagnosed

If a FPOW was interned for 30 days or more, the following additional diseases are presumed to be service-connected:

  • Avitaminosis
  • Beriberi
  • Chronic Dysentary
  • Cirrhosis of the liver
  • Helminthiasis
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  • Malnutrition, including associated Optic Atrophy
  • Any other nutritional deficiency
  • Pellagra and any other nutritional deficiency
  • Peripheral Neuropathy, except directly related to infectious causes
  • Peptic Ulcer Disease
  • Osteoporosis, on or after September 28, 2009

Are There Medical Benefits for FPOWs?

Yes. Additionally, the VA health care system affords priority treatment for FPOWs. Those who have a service-connected disability are eligible for VA health care. This includes hospital, nursing home, and outpatient treatment. FPOWs who do not have a service-connected disability are eligible for VA hospital and nursing home care on a priority basis - second only to Veterans with service-connected disabilities.

While FPOWs are receiving treatment in an approved outpatient treatment program, they are eligible for needed medicines, glasses, hearing aid, or prostheses. They are also eligible for all needed dental care. There is no co-payment requirement for FPOWs at VA pharmacies.

Are There Benefits for Survivors of FPOWs?

Yes. The major benefit is Dependency and Indemnity Compensation (DIC) which is a monthly benefit payable to the surviving spouse (and the former POW’s children and parents in some cases) when the former POW was a service member who

  • died on active duty; or
  • died from service-related disabilities; or
  • died on or before September 30, 1999 and was continuously rated totally disabled for a service connected condition (including individual unemployability) for at least 10 years immediately preceding death; or
  • died after September 30, 1999, and was continuously rated totally disabled for a service-connected condition (including individual unemployability) for at least 1 year immediately preceding death.

DIC is terminated for a surviving spouse who remarries, but can be resumed if the remarriage ends in death, divorce, or annulment. However, a surviving spouse who remarries on or after attaining age 57, and on or after December 16, 2003, can continue to receive DIC.

Are There Other Benefits for FPOWs and Their Dependents/Survivors?

The following are other significant VA benefits to which certain veterans may be entitled: disability pension, medical care, education and training, home loan guaranty, and burial benefits. Certain disabled veterans may be eligible for vocational rehabilitation and employment services, insurance, clothing allowance, special adapted housing assistance, and specially adapted automobile equipment. Certain dependents/survivors may be entitled to health care, death pension, education and training, home loan guaranty, and burial in a national cemetery. See other VA fact sheets on those benefits, or contact VA for more information.


Contact Info


  • Audie L. Murphy

Contact Number(s)

  • 210-617-5113
  • 210-617-5300 Ext. 15113

Hours of Operation

  • Monday - Friday 8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.